Difference between revisions of "Gnus"

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Gnus is a program running in [[Emacs]] for reading and editing e-mails and [[Usernet]] [[News]]
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{{Package
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|name=Gnus
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|description=Gnus is an e-mail client, a news client and a feed aggregator.
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|maintainer=[[Lars Magne Ingebrigtsen]]
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|source=http://git.gnus.org/cgit/gnus.git/
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|in_emacs=yes
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|Development status=active
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|website=http://gnus.org
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}}
  
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== Gnus with ''virtual servers'' ==
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Gnus has unified interface to e-mail, feed, news, and others. ''virtual server'' are created for different source of information, and Gnus talks to this ''virtual server'' as if they are the same.
  
==Using Gnus with Gmail==
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So, when someone want Gnus to work with particular source of information, he register a vertural server to Gnus as a ''select methods'', for example:
# Make sure [[starttls]] package in installed on your system
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=== Using Gnus with Gmail ===
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# Make sure gnutls-bin or starttls package is installed on your system
 
# Create a Gmail account
 
# Create a Gmail account
 
# Enable IMAP in Gmail accout, by settings->forwarding POP/IMAP
 
# Enable IMAP in Gmail accout, by settings->forwarding POP/IMAP
# Use Gmail’s IMAP as a (secondary) select method  
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# Use Gmail’s IMAP as a (secondary) select method, by adding following line into ~/.gnus.el
<source lang="lisp">
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<syntaxhighlight lang="lisp">
 
(add-to-list 'gnus-secondary-select-methods '(nnimap "gmail"
 
(add-to-list 'gnus-secondary-select-methods '(nnimap "gmail"
 
                                   (nnimap-address "imap.gmail.com")
 
                                   (nnimap-address "imap.gmail.com")
 
                                   (nnimap-server-port 993)
 
                                   (nnimap-server-port 993)
 
                                   (nnimap-stream ssl)))
 
                                   (nnimap-stream ssl)))
</source>
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</syntaxhighlight>
or Using Gmail as primary select method  
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<source lang="lisp">
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or use Gmail as primary select method  
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<syntaxhighlight lang="lisp">
 
(setq gnus-select-method '(nnimap "gmail"
 
(setq gnus-select-method '(nnimap "gmail"
 
  (nnimap-address "imap.gmail.com")
 
  (nnimap-address "imap.gmail.com")
 
  (nnimap-server-port 993)
 
  (nnimap-server-port 993)
 
  (nnimap-stream ssl)))
 
  (nnimap-stream ssl)))
</source>
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</syntaxhighlight>
5. Put following line  in your ~/.authinfo
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machine imap.gmail.com login username@gmail.com password secret port 993
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5. Put following line  in your ~/.authinfo <br/>
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machine imap.gmail.com login username@gmail.com password secret port 993 <br/>
 
6. (optional) Enable using gmail’s SMTP server by put following line in ./gnus.el
 
6. (optional) Enable using gmail’s SMTP server by put following line in ./gnus.el
<source lang="lisp">
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 +
<syntaxhighlight lang="lisp">
 
(setq message-send-mail-function 'smtpmail-send-it
 
(setq message-send-mail-function 'smtpmail-send-it
 
       smtpmail-starttls-credentials '(("smtp.gmail.com" 587 nil nil))
 
       smtpmail-starttls-credentials '(("smtp.gmail.com" 587 nil nil))
Line 31: Line 48:
 
       smtpmail-smtp-service 587
 
       smtpmail-smtp-service 587
 
       smtpmail-local-domain "yourcompany.com")
 
       smtpmail-local-domain "yourcompany.com")
</source>
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</syntaxhighlight>
  
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=== Using Gnus with Gmane ===
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you can easily read news from Gmane with Gnus
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# in group buffer , press B (browser foreign server)
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# type "nntp" when asked "which back end"
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# type web.gmane.org when asked "address"
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# browse different groups, press u to subscribe
 
For managing your address book, see [[:Category:Contact Management|Contact Management]].
 
For managing your address book, see [[:Category:Contact Management|Contact Management]].
  
[[Category:Email]][[Category:News (NNTP)]]
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==Showing your sent messages in the thread with email folders==
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With newsgroups, your sent mail shows up in the thread and you can easily press `^' to move up the thread whether you sent the message or someone else. But when you're in e.g. INBOX, only messages sent to you show up, messages you send will be in your Sent folder (see http://gnus.org/manual/gnus_153.html for how to archive sent messages, or you could subscribe to your IMAP's Sent folder).
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But getting a full "conversation view" is quite simple. In the group buffer, first press `G V' to create an empty nnvirtual group, name it e.g. "INBOX" (it'll end up being shown as "nnvirtual:INBOX"). Then put the point over the real INBOX and press `G v' and enter "nnvirtual:INBOX". Now you have a virtual folder that shows just your inbox … then find your Sent folder, press `G v' and enter "nnvirtual:INBOX". Now when you enter nnvirtual:INBOX (and perhaps press `T T' to turn on threading), both sent and received messages are shown in the thread, and you can click `^' to move up the thread to find out what you really wrote :)
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 +
Note: your real INBOX folder will still show up in the *Group* buffer, press `u' over it to hide it (don't use `k', if you kill it, gnus won't look for the read/unread marks in your INBOX, and your nnvirtual folder will show everything as unread).
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[[Category:Email]][[Category:News (NNTP)]] [[Category:Mail Client]][[Category:Built-in Package]][[Category:Popular Package]]

Revision as of 08:16, 21 October 2012

Gnus
Description Gnus is an e-mail client, a news client and a feed aggregator.
Author name of author
Maintainer Lars Magne Ingebrigtsen
Source http://git.gnus.org/cgit/gnus.git/
Part of Emacs yes

Gnus with virtual servers

Gnus has unified interface to e-mail, feed, news, and others. virtual server are created for different source of information, and Gnus talks to this virtual server as if they are the same.

So, when someone want Gnus to work with particular source of information, he register a vertural server to Gnus as a select methods, for example:

Using Gnus with Gmail

  1. Make sure gnutls-bin or starttls package is installed on your system
  2. Create a Gmail account
  3. Enable IMAP in Gmail accout, by settings->forwarding POP/IMAP
  4. Use Gmail’s IMAP as a (secondary) select method, by adding following line into ~/.gnus.el
(add-to-list 'gnus-secondary-select-methods '(nnimap "gmail"
                                  (nnimap-address "imap.gmail.com")
                                  (nnimap-server-port 993)
                                  (nnimap-stream ssl)))

or use Gmail as primary select method

(setq gnus-select-method '(nnimap "gmail"
				  (nnimap-address "imap.gmail.com")
				  (nnimap-server-port 993)
				  (nnimap-stream ssl)))

5. Put following line in your ~/.authinfo
machine imap.gmail.com login username@gmail.com password secret port 993
6. (optional) Enable using gmail’s SMTP server by put following line in ./gnus.el

(setq message-send-mail-function 'smtpmail-send-it
      smtpmail-starttls-credentials '(("smtp.gmail.com" 587 nil nil))
      smtpmail-auth-credentials '(("smtp.gmail.com" 587 "username@gmail.com" nil))
      smtpmail-default-smtp-server "smtp.gmail.com"
      smtpmail-smtp-server "smtp.gmail.com"
      smtpmail-smtp-service 587
      smtpmail-local-domain "yourcompany.com")

Using Gnus with Gmane

you can easily read news from Gmane with Gnus

  1. in group buffer , press B (browser foreign server)
  2. type "nntp" when asked "which back end"
  3. type web.gmane.org when asked "address"
  4. browse different groups, press u to subscribe

For managing your address book, see Contact Management.

Showing your sent messages in the thread with email folders

With newsgroups, your sent mail shows up in the thread and you can easily press `^' to move up the thread whether you sent the message or someone else. But when you're in e.g. INBOX, only messages sent to you show up, messages you send will be in your Sent folder (see http://gnus.org/manual/gnus_153.html for how to archive sent messages, or you could subscribe to your IMAP's Sent folder).

But getting a full "conversation view" is quite simple. In the group buffer, first press `G V' to create an empty nnvirtual group, name it e.g. "INBOX" (it'll end up being shown as "nnvirtual:INBOX"). Then put the point over the real INBOX and press `G v' and enter "nnvirtual:INBOX". Now you have a virtual folder that shows just your inbox … then find your Sent folder, press `G v' and enter "nnvirtual:INBOX". Now when you enter nnvirtual:INBOX (and perhaps press `T T' to turn on threading), both sent and received messages are shown in the thread, and you can click `^' to move up the thread to find out what you really wrote :)

Note: your real INBOX folder will still show up in the *Group* buffer, press `u' over it to hide it (don't use `k', if you kill it, gnus won't look for the read/unread marks in your INBOX, and your nnvirtual folder will show everything as unread).