Difference between revisions of "Keyboard macros"

From WikEmacs
Jump to: navigation, search
m (Reverted edits by 213.244.10.184 (talk) to last revision by 94.23.1.28)
m (Protected "Keyboard macros" ([Edit=Allow only autoconfirmed users] (indefinite) [Move=Allow only autoconfirmed users] (indefinite)))
 
(622 intermediate revisions by more than 100 users not shown)
Line 2: Line 2:
  
 
'''Keyboard macros''' can be used to automate or repeat tedious editing tasks in Emacs.
 
'''Keyboard macros''' can be used to automate or repeat tedious editing tasks in Emacs.
 +
 +
 +
==Basic Use==
 +
 +
; {{Keys|F3}}, or {{Keys|C-x (}}
 +
: Start defining a macro.
 +
; {{Keys|F4}}, or {{Keys|C-x )}}
 +
: Stop defining a macro.
 +
; {{Keys|F4}}, or {{Keys|C-x e}}
 +
: Execute a macro
 +
; {{Keys|C-u 37 C-x e}} or {{Keys|C-u 37 F4}}
 +
: Execute a macro multiple times, using [[prefix argument]]
 +
; {{Keys|C-u 0 C-x e}}
 +
: Execute a macro until the end of the buffer
  
 
==Example usage==
 
==Example usage==
 +
 
Consider the standard <code>*scratch*</code> buffer:
 
Consider the standard <code>*scratch*</code> buffer:
  
Line 33: Line 48:
 
</ol>
 
</ol>
  
I think the exposure looks relaly good with the flash!  I am having the hardest time figuring out what is the "right" exposure using my speedlight also.  I think this looks great and u got great catchlights, no pinlights.  Very sweet post. :)
+
== Naming and saving macros ==
 +
 
 +
You can:
 +
* give a name to the most recently defined macro (<code>C-x C-k n</code>)
 +
* bind it to a key sequence (<code>C-x C-k b</code>)
 +
* insert it in the current buffer as lisp code (<code>M-x insert-kbd-macro</code>).
  
==Saving macros==
 
 
{{Manual|emacs|Save-Keyboard-Macro|Save Keyboard Macro}}
 
{{Manual|emacs|Save-Keyboard-Macro|Save Keyboard Macro}}
  
Take a look at the Canon Digital Elph series. I pecikd up a 10MP camera for just under $200 back in November from Amazon.com. They've got newer stuff that's better than what I have, though I love my SD770IS.
 
  
===Binding to a key===
+
To bind a keyboard macro to a key use <code>C-x C-k b</code>.  To avoid problems caused by overriding existing bindings, the key sequences <code>C-x C-k 0</code> through <code>C-x C-k 9</code> and <code>C-x C-k A</code> through <code>C-x C-k Z</code> are reserved for your own keyboard macro bindings.  You can, however, bind a keyboard macro to whatever you like.
To bind a keyboard macro to a key using <code>C-x C-k b</code>.  To avoid problems caused by overriding existing bindings, the key sequences <code>C-x C-k 0</code> through <code>C-x C-k 9</code> and <code>C-x C-k A</code> through <code>C-x C-k Z</code> are reserved for your own keyboard macro bindings.  You can, however, bind a keyboard macro to whatever you like.
+
 
 +
==Variables==
 +
 
 +
Variables can be stored in lisp or in [[registers]].  Here's an example using lisp:
 +
 
 +
<pre>
 +
[M-: (setq x 1)]
 +
<F3>
 +
Line number [C-u M-: x]
 +
[M-: (setq x (+ x 1))]
 +
<F4>
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
Now execute the macro four times with the command <code>C-x e e e e</code> and you get:
 +
 
 +
line number 1<br />
 +
line number 2<br />
 +
line number 3<br />
 +
line number 4
 +
 
 +
 
 +
= See also =
 +
 
 +
* [https://github.com/Silex/elmacro elmacro], to show keyboard macros as emacs-lisp
 +
* [https://github.com/abo-abo/centimacro centimacro] to (temporarily) bind any number of macros to any global shortcuts.
 +
* You can use keyboard macros à la vim in [[evil]].
 +
 
  
Hi, I just installed this pagkace into Umbraco v4.7. Once I insert the macro into my post I get this error message:               Server Error in  /' Application.A potentially dangerous Request.Path value was detected from the client (&).Description: An unhandled exception occurred during the execution of the current web request. Please review the stack trace for more information about the error and where it originated in the code.Exception Details: System.Web.HttpException: A potentially dangerous Request.Path value was detected from the client (&).Source Error:An unhandled exception was generated during the execution of the current web request. Information regarding the origin and location of the exception can be identified using the exception stack trace below.Stack Trace:                However if I go ahead and save/publish the document everything seems to be working just fine. Is there an issue with v4.7 or do I have bigger issues?
+
[[Category:Intermediate]]
 +
[[Category:Editing]]

Latest revision as of 11:27, 4 July 2016

Basic Keyboard Macro (`(info "(emacs) Basic Keyboard Macro")')

Keyboard macros can be used to automate or repeat tedious editing tasks in Emacs.


Basic Use

[F3], or [C-x (]
Start defining a macro.
[F4], or [C-x )]
Stop defining a macro.
[F4], or [C-x e]
Execute a macro
[C-u 37 C-x e] or [C-u 37 F4]
Execute a macro multiple times, using prefix argument
[C-u 0 C-x e]
Execute a macro until the end of the buffer

Example usage

Consider the standard *scratch* buffer:

;; This buffer is for notes you don't want to save, and for Lisp evaluation.
;; If you want to create a file, visit that file with C-x C-f,
;; then enter the text in that file's own buffer.

Suppose you want to remove the first occurrence of the letter "a" on every row in that piece of text. You could write a regular expression to do the job, but let's assume you want to use a keyboard macro this time.

  1. Make sure point is at the start of the buffer.
  2. Hit C-x ( to start recording your macro. Note: If you hit C-g or if an error occurs, your keyboard macro recording will stop.
  3. Hit C-s followed by a to find the first "a". Now, point is right after the first "a" in the text.
  4. Hit backspace to delete that "a".

The first occurrence of "a" of the first line has been deleted. Let's move point to the beginning of the next line and then stop recording.

  1. Hit C-e C-f to move point to the beginning of the next line.
  2. Hit C-x ) to finish the recording of our macro.

The macro you have just recorded performs the operation of removing the first occurrence of "a" it can find and then moving point to the next line.

  1. Hit C-x e once to call that macro.
  2. Continue hitting e to call it several times. Hit any other key to get out of the macro repetition.

Naming and saving macros

You can:

  • give a name to the most recently defined macro (C-x C-k n)
  • bind it to a key sequence (C-x C-k b)
  • insert it in the current buffer as lisp code (M-x insert-kbd-macro).

Save Keyboard Macro (`(info "(emacs) Save Keyboard Macro")')


To bind a keyboard macro to a key use C-x C-k b. To avoid problems caused by overriding existing bindings, the key sequences C-x C-k 0 through C-x C-k 9 and C-x C-k A through C-x C-k Z are reserved for your own keyboard macro bindings. You can, however, bind a keyboard macro to whatever you like.

Variables

Variables can be stored in lisp or in registers. Here's an example using lisp:

[M-: (setq x 1)]
<F3>
Line number [C-u M-: x]
[M-: (setq x (+ x 1))]
<F4>

Now execute the macro four times with the command C-x e e e e and you get:

line number 1
line number 2
line number 3
line number 4


See also

  • elmacro, to show keyboard macros as emacs-lisp
  • centimacro to (temporarily) bind any number of macros to any global shortcuts.
  • You can use keyboard macros à la vim in evil.