Difference between revisions of "Keyboard macros"

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If students use the "vibram fivefingers same position" of the book, as teachers, we must explain from the outset that the note may never be replicated by any five fingers number of fingers and toes, as vibram five amended, as the SR still number 1 thumb, no.  ÿþ<> On s notamment JMG, pour finir ce p de 8h, dans la toundra Matheysine.. <>]. 
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{{Manual|emacs|Basic-Keyboard-Macro|Basic Keyboard Macro}}
  
Remarque, ils font toujours la m?me chose de nos jours, mais c?est pour maigrir maintenant, disentils.. Il a indirectement encouragé bon nombre de coureurs américains à se mettre aux baskets "barefoot" (Vibram Fivefingers) et il revient sur cette tendance lors d'un entretien..  ÿþ<> épais, serviettes composants sont utilisés à l'aide des possessions douce qui permet à la femelle qui cherchent Iabel chaussures marant pourrait être doux et confortable serve les pieds.
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'''Keyboard macros''' can be used to automate or repeat tedious editing tasks in Emacs.
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Il faut dire que certains de ses cadres lisent un peu trop de Dantec et de mangas, s'épuisant à fantasmer dans le vide, sans montrer plus rien du sens de l'honneur de leurs aïeux armaillis, en se faisant par exemple seppuku au couteau suisse à 9 fonctions.. ce qui donne : opçyuhg"é'.. La descente des Signaraux est terribles, droit dans la pente comme au ski. Les talons sont plus légers, plus charmeurs, ils font la démarche plus gracieuse et moins martiale. ÿþ<> Samedi, petit matin, après une petite poignée d'heure de sommeil, il est là . Afin de réduire encore les délais entre la conception et la fabrication, la marque est en train de construire en Chine, où sont implantés la plupart de ses clients, un centre technique de 15.000 mètres carrés qui accueillera fin 2008 son pôle de recherche mondial adossé à un incubateur pour couver les ambitions des ingénieurs chinois.  
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==Basic Use==
C'est grâce à lui qu'elle décroche son premier travail à New York, grâce à ses encouragements qu'elle ouvre sa première galerie en 1991 à Paris, alors qu'elle entre en hypokhâgne, avant de se lancer pour de bon en 1999, rue LouiseWeiss, à Paris. Et arrivés à son homonyme modèle 2013 printemps et saison estivale hommes series , cependant adhérant à la traditionnelle mode , mais pour payer débourser hommage à la traditionnelle coutumes de la Californie.. ÿþ<> Les orienteurs découvrent au dernier moment l'itinéraire auquel ils vont être confrontés et sur lequel il devront valider tous les postes (balises), le plus rapidement possible.  
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; {{Keys|F3}}, or {{Keys|C-x (}}
Mulberry Bag. costume, doctors encourage wearing a shoe much more suited to podiatric well being. A elle seule, l'IledeFrance compte près de 250 associations de randonnée affiliées à la FFRP  plus de 2 200 dans toute la Franceÿþ<> Tout est dans le pas, le déhanché le mouvement saisi au vol au défilé Matthew Williamson (sandales en satin rose vues de dos) ou chez Vivienne Westwood ( bottes de gentille fée dorées, profil). Fidèle au "never complain" de Peter Fleming, son lointain prédécesseur en équipées tatares, Tesson a l'élégance de ne jamais se plaindre du froid ou de la fatigue, lors de ses sorties en kayak ou de ses ascensions aux confins de son domaine. carrot pant exagéré, blouses à la carrure bordée de crêtes lobées (un leitmotiv dans toute la collection), minishort roulé haut la cuisse mais à ceinture haute froncée (attention au tour de taille.
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: Start defining a macro.
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; {{Keys|F4}}, or {{Keys|C-x )}}
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: Stop defining a macro.
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; {{Keys|F4}}, or {{Keys|C-x e}}
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: Execute a macro
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; {{Keys|C-u 37 C-x e}} or {{Keys|C-u 37 F4}}
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: Execute a macro multiple times, using [[prefix argument]]
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; {{Keys|C-u 0 C-x e}}
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: Execute a macro until the end of the buffer
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==Example usage==
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Consider the standard <code>*scratch*</code> buffer:
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<pre>
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;; This buffer is for notes you don't want to save, and for Lisp evaluation.
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;; If you want to create a file, visit that file with C-x C-f,
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;; then enter the text in that file's own buffer.
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</pre>
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Suppose you want to remove the first occurrence of the letter "a" on every row in that piece of text. You could write a [[regular expression]] to do the job, but let's assume you want to use a keyboard macro this time.
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# Make sure [[point]] is at the start of the buffer.
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# Hit <code>C-x (</code> to start recording your macro. '''Note:''' If you hit <code>C-g</code> or if an error occurs, your keyboard macro recording will stop.
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# Hit <code>C-s</code> followed by <code>a</code> to find the first "a". Now, point is right after the first "a" in the text.
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# Hit backspace to delete that "a".
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The first occurrence of "a" of the first line has been deleted. Let's move point to the beginning of the next line and then stop recording.
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<ol start="5">
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<li>Hit <code>C-e C-f</code> to move point to the beginning of the next line.</li>
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<li>Hit <code>C-x )</code> to finish the recording of our macro.</li>
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</ol>
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The macro you have just recorded performs the operation of removing the first occurrence of "a" it can find and then moving point to the next line.
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<ol start="7">
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<li>Hit <code>C-x e</code> once to call that macro.</li>
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<li>Continue hitting <code>e</code> to call it several times. Hit any other key to get out of the macro repetition.</li>
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</ol>
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== Naming and saving macros ==
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You can:
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* give a name to the most recently defined macro (<code>C-x C-k n</code>)
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* bind it to a key sequence (<code>C-x C-k b</code>)
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* insert it in the current buffer as lisp code (<code>M-x insert-kbd-macro</code>).
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{{Manual|emacs|Save-Keyboard-Macro|Save Keyboard Macro}}
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To bind a keyboard macro to a key use <code>C-x C-k b</code>.  To avoid problems caused by overriding existing bindings, the key sequences <code>C-x C-k 0</code> through <code>C-x C-k 9</code> and <code>C-x C-k A</code> through <code>C-x C-k Z</code> are reserved for your own keyboard macro bindings. You can, however, bind a keyboard macro to whatever you like.
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==Variables==
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Variables can be stored in lisp or in [[registers]]Here's an example using lisp:
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<pre>
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[M-: (setq x 1)]
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<F3>
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Line number [C-u M-: x]
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[M-: (setq x (+ x 1))]
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<F4>
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</pre>
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Now execute the macro four times with the command <code>C-x e e e e</code> and you get:
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line number 1<br />
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line number 2<br />
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line number 3<br />
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line number 4
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= See also =
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* [https://github.com/Silex/elmacro elmacro], to show keyboard macros as emacs-lisp
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* [https://github.com/abo-abo/centimacro centimacro] to (temporarily) bind any number of macros to any global shortcuts.
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* You can use keyboard macros à la vim in [[evil]].
 +
 
 +
 
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[[Category:Intermediate]]
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[[Category:Editing]]

Latest revision as of 11:27, 4 July 2016

Basic Keyboard Macro (`(info "(emacs) Basic Keyboard Macro")')

Keyboard macros can be used to automate or repeat tedious editing tasks in Emacs.


Basic Use

[F3], or [C-x (]
Start defining a macro.
[F4], or [C-x )]
Stop defining a macro.
[F4], or [C-x e]
Execute a macro
[C-u 37 C-x e] or [C-u 37 F4]
Execute a macro multiple times, using prefix argument
[C-u 0 C-x e]
Execute a macro until the end of the buffer

Example usage

Consider the standard *scratch* buffer:

;; This buffer is for notes you don't want to save, and for Lisp evaluation.
;; If you want to create a file, visit that file with C-x C-f,
;; then enter the text in that file's own buffer.

Suppose you want to remove the first occurrence of the letter "a" on every row in that piece of text. You could write a regular expression to do the job, but let's assume you want to use a keyboard macro this time.

  1. Make sure point is at the start of the buffer.
  2. Hit C-x ( to start recording your macro. Note: If you hit C-g or if an error occurs, your keyboard macro recording will stop.
  3. Hit C-s followed by a to find the first "a". Now, point is right after the first "a" in the text.
  4. Hit backspace to delete that "a".

The first occurrence of "a" of the first line has been deleted. Let's move point to the beginning of the next line and then stop recording.

  1. Hit C-e C-f to move point to the beginning of the next line.
  2. Hit C-x ) to finish the recording of our macro.

The macro you have just recorded performs the operation of removing the first occurrence of "a" it can find and then moving point to the next line.

  1. Hit C-x e once to call that macro.
  2. Continue hitting e to call it several times. Hit any other key to get out of the macro repetition.

Naming and saving macros

You can:

  • give a name to the most recently defined macro (C-x C-k n)
  • bind it to a key sequence (C-x C-k b)
  • insert it in the current buffer as lisp code (M-x insert-kbd-macro).

Save Keyboard Macro (`(info "(emacs) Save Keyboard Macro")')


To bind a keyboard macro to a key use C-x C-k b. To avoid problems caused by overriding existing bindings, the key sequences C-x C-k 0 through C-x C-k 9 and C-x C-k A through C-x C-k Z are reserved for your own keyboard macro bindings. You can, however, bind a keyboard macro to whatever you like.

Variables

Variables can be stored in lisp or in registers. Here's an example using lisp:

[M-: (setq x 1)]
<F3>
Line number [C-u M-: x]
[M-: (setq x (+ x 1))]
<F4>

Now execute the macro four times with the command C-x e e e e and you get:

line number 1
line number 2
line number 3
line number 4


See also

  • elmacro, to show keyboard macros as emacs-lisp
  • centimacro to (temporarily) bind any number of macros to any global shortcuts.
  • You can use keyboard macros à la vim in evil.