Difference between revisions of "Keyboard macros"

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I wish I had your motivation  good for you..  ÿþ<> The crazy thing is majority of the country is experiencing this same kind of weather. Iamnotfooled Flip flops eh, no media bias eh? Well let us see if BHO can explain away, and if the media will call out the following flip flops by the POTUS: 1. 
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{{Manual|emacs|Basic-Keyboard-Macro|Basic Keyboard Macro}}
  
It's like eating with your mouth open  that sound, it's disgusting. Choosing the right beach footwear for you depends on what activities you have planned. ÿþ<> Hey guys! I just found out I got scabbies.
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'''Keyboard macros''' can be used to automate or repeat tedious editing tasks in Emacs.
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I am, in my estimation, incredibly rich  perhaps the wealthiest person in the world. Spnija. Unfortunately it seems that is the new American way.. Malawi.  ÿþ<> Seau left four children, a girlfriend, an exwife, and many family members and friends; in addition to I would think at least hundreds of thousands of fans, if not more. As a governor, he should have thoughts around his State.  
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==Basic Use==
If a latching circuit is hit with a sequence of input/transitions such that the resulting state would depend upon propagation delays or other unpredictable factors, there is no guarantee that the resulting state will be a clean "high" or "low". Just one person's thoughts.. ÿþ<> Plus, the fondue friend makes him wear a sweater..  
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; {{Keys|F3}}, or {{Keys|C-x (}}
This is especially useful to overcome a plethora of ailments such as high cholesterol, obesity, diabetes and heart disease. Recommended TreatmentIf you think that you have nail fungus, see your doctor or dermatologist. When selecting pedals, don't forget to consider what kind of shoe you're going to use.  ÿþ<> You must not reproduce, duplicate, copy, sell, resell or exploit any material on the Website for any commercial purposes.. One of my recent favorites: "I know all about employing your generation. Suppose you have the slim flat stomach, for women, you can wear a bikini section.
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: Start defining a macro.
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; {{Keys|F4}}, or {{Keys|C-x )}}
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: Stop defining a macro.
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; {{Keys|F4}}, or {{Keys|C-x e}}
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: Execute a macro
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; {{Keys|C-u 37 C-x e}} or {{Keys|C-u 37 F4}}
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: Execute a macro multiple times, using [[prefix argument]]
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; {{Keys|C-u 0 C-x e}}
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: Execute a macro until the end of the buffer
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==Example usage==
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Consider the standard <code>*scratch*</code> buffer:
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<pre>
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;; This buffer is for notes you don't want to save, and for Lisp evaluation.
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;; If you want to create a file, visit that file with C-x C-f,
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;; then enter the text in that file's own buffer.
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</pre>
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Suppose you want to remove the first occurrence of the letter "a" on every row in that piece of text. You could write a [[regular expression]] to do the job, but let's assume you want to use a keyboard macro this time.
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# Make sure [[point]] is at the start of the buffer.
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# Hit <code>C-x (</code> to start recording your macro. '''Note:''' If you hit <code>C-g</code> or if an error occurs, your keyboard macro recording will stop.
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# Hit <code>C-s</code> followed by <code>a</code> to find the first "a". Now, point is right after the first "a" in the text.
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# Hit backspace to delete that "a".
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The first occurrence of "a" of the first line has been deleted. Let's move point to the beginning of the next line and then stop recording.
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<ol start="5">
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<li>Hit <code>C-e C-f</code> to move point to the beginning of the next line.</li>
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<li>Hit <code>C-x )</code> to finish the recording of our macro.</li>
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</ol>
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The macro you have just recorded performs the operation of removing the first occurrence of "a" it can find and then moving point to the next line.
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<ol start="7">
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<li>Hit <code>C-x e</code> once to call that macro.</li>
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<li>Continue hitting <code>e</code> to call it several times. Hit any other key to get out of the macro repetition.</li>
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</ol>
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== Naming and saving macros ==
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You can:
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* give a name to the most recently defined macro (<code>C-x C-k n</code>)
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* bind it to a key sequence (<code>C-x C-k b</code>)
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* insert it in the current buffer as lisp code (<code>M-x insert-kbd-macro</code>).
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{{Manual|emacs|Save-Keyboard-Macro|Save Keyboard Macro}}
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To bind a keyboard macro to a key use <code>C-x C-k b</code>To avoid problems caused by overriding existing bindings, the key sequences <code>C-x C-k 0</code> through <code>C-x C-k 9</code> and <code>C-x C-k A</code> through <code>C-x C-k Z</code> are reserved for your own keyboard macro bindings.  You can, however, bind a keyboard macro to whatever you like.
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==Variables==
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Variables can be stored in lisp or in [[registers]].  Here's an example using lisp:
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<pre>
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[M-: (setq x 1)]
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<F3>
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Line number [C-u M-: x]
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[M-: (setq x (+ x 1))]
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<F4>
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</pre>
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Now execute the macro four times with the command <code>C-x e e e e</code> and you get:
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 +
line number 1<br />
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line number 2<br />
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line number 3<br />
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line number 4
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= See also =
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* [https://github.com/Silex/elmacro elmacro], to show keyboard macros as emacs-lisp
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* [https://github.com/abo-abo/centimacro centimacro] to (temporarily) bind any number of macros to any global shortcuts.
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* You can use keyboard macros à la vim in [[evil]].
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[[Category:Intermediate]]
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[[Category:Editing]]

Latest revision as of 11:27, 4 July 2016

Basic Keyboard Macro (`(info "(emacs) Basic Keyboard Macro")')

Keyboard macros can be used to automate or repeat tedious editing tasks in Emacs.


Basic Use

[F3], or [C-x (]
Start defining a macro.
[F4], or [C-x )]
Stop defining a macro.
[F4], or [C-x e]
Execute a macro
[C-u 37 C-x e] or [C-u 37 F4]
Execute a macro multiple times, using prefix argument
[C-u 0 C-x e]
Execute a macro until the end of the buffer

Example usage

Consider the standard *scratch* buffer:

;; This buffer is for notes you don't want to save, and for Lisp evaluation.
;; If you want to create a file, visit that file with C-x C-f,
;; then enter the text in that file's own buffer.

Suppose you want to remove the first occurrence of the letter "a" on every row in that piece of text. You could write a regular expression to do the job, but let's assume you want to use a keyboard macro this time.

  1. Make sure point is at the start of the buffer.
  2. Hit C-x ( to start recording your macro. Note: If you hit C-g or if an error occurs, your keyboard macro recording will stop.
  3. Hit C-s followed by a to find the first "a". Now, point is right after the first "a" in the text.
  4. Hit backspace to delete that "a".

The first occurrence of "a" of the first line has been deleted. Let's move point to the beginning of the next line and then stop recording.

  1. Hit C-e C-f to move point to the beginning of the next line.
  2. Hit C-x ) to finish the recording of our macro.

The macro you have just recorded performs the operation of removing the first occurrence of "a" it can find and then moving point to the next line.

  1. Hit C-x e once to call that macro.
  2. Continue hitting e to call it several times. Hit any other key to get out of the macro repetition.

Naming and saving macros

You can:

  • give a name to the most recently defined macro (C-x C-k n)
  • bind it to a key sequence (C-x C-k b)
  • insert it in the current buffer as lisp code (M-x insert-kbd-macro).

Save Keyboard Macro (`(info "(emacs) Save Keyboard Macro")')


To bind a keyboard macro to a key use C-x C-k b. To avoid problems caused by overriding existing bindings, the key sequences C-x C-k 0 through C-x C-k 9 and C-x C-k A through C-x C-k Z are reserved for your own keyboard macro bindings. You can, however, bind a keyboard macro to whatever you like.

Variables

Variables can be stored in lisp or in registers. Here's an example using lisp:

[M-: (setq x 1)]
<F3>
Line number [C-u M-: x]
[M-: (setq x (+ x 1))]
<F4>

Now execute the macro four times with the command C-x e e e e and you get:

line number 1
line number 2
line number 3
line number 4


See also

  • elmacro, to show keyboard macros as emacs-lisp
  • centimacro to (temporarily) bind any number of macros to any global shortcuts.
  • You can use keyboard macros à la vim in evil.